Al Rayyan Security Department is considered one of the security dept. under the General Directorate of Public Security at the Ministry of Interior. During the early eighties, it was established as Al Rayyan Police Section under Capital Security Department.
After seeing expansion of urban areas and growth of population in State of Qatar especially in western and southern areas, the decision came to establish an independent department for Al Rayyan area in addition with southern area in the name of (Al Rayyan and Southern Area Security Department) in 1986 which was located in Old Al Rayyan at that time and covered all the areas under the department.
In 2001, under the directives of HE Minister of State for Internal Affairs, the jurisdiction area of the department was restructured as southern area was cancelled from its jurisdiction and therefore, name of the department was changed to (Al Rayyan Security Department) and it was transferred to Mirreakh Area temporarily. In 2012, the department was shifted to current premises at Al Rayyan Area in Rayyan Security and Services Complex.